The only cryogenic hydrogen research laboratory in US academia.
Innovating electrofuels since 2010.
Imagine the challenge of storing and reliably dispensing fuel at -421°F, the temperature of liquid hydrogen. Go one step further — try it in microgravity. Not hard enough? If a vapor bubble leaves the bottom of the tank you’ll explode the turbo of your engine.
One of the greatest issues in developing a sustainable hydrogen economy is the issue of infrastructure. This project found that tube geometry can help cool gases, requiring less energy to keep fuel at cryogenic temperatures.
The first liquid hydrogen fueled drone by a University. Fourteen flights proved the airframe, electric propulsion, and guidance systems were working beautifully, and extensive ground testing and characterization of the hydrogen systems showed the fuel cell hydrogen powertrain was up to the task.
Designing for Direct Metal Laser Solidification (DMLS) Additive Manufacturing
Additive manufacturing (AM) has emerged as a viable method for part production. Pieces can be made out of either plastic or metal composites, and this method of production is gaining popularity throughout industry. There are vast opportunities within cryogenics for the use of AM which have yet to be explored. Within HYPER, AM is being used for part manufacture on the Tank, and for a novel heat exchanger for hydrogen liquefaction on MHGU. This post is a guide to designing for AM, with cryogenic applications in mind. It will guide you through steps to save you and your team time, money, and most importantly- sanity.
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When enough is enough
Enough: as much or as many as required.
Things I’ve had enough of:
Support from the upper administration,
Time and resources to develop those ideas,
So when folks tell me I’m, “at the top of the list of people that could be poached by another institution”, I can say I’ve had enough of that too. Things are about as good as they can be. Really! Here’s a few from the past year:Read Story
Sustaining the Media Library
So you found yourself with extra time—maybe your team is waiting on a part, or you’re just looking to log more hours this week—and you’re not sure what to work on. I have an idea for you… help us finish the big push on cleaning up the media library!
The media library is the thorn in everyone’s side when it comes to making changes to the website. Since we don’t like thorns here at HYPER, it’s time to do some spring cleaning (or whatever season it might be when you read this). Assigning titles and categories to all the images/videos in the media library … » More …Read Story
Growing the future — 3D printing cryogenic heat exchangers
(This is a pre-print of my May ‘Cool. Fuel.’ article for Cold Facts — the magazine of the Cryogenic Society of America.)
Back when I was a Ph.D student at Wisconsin the machine that saved many of my days was a Bridgeport manual end mill conveniently located in the basement of the lab. So when I setup the HYPER lab’s manufacturing space at Washington State I found an old Bridgeport clone to place in our manufacturing area. Yes it’s even older now. While it’s still used some for drilling and tapping operations, a new additive manufacturing project led by Jordan Raymond in my lab is … » More …Read Story
How to Write a Post
After a year of COVID, most of our research took place at home and online. This stressed the importance of presenting our findings in an organized online matter to attract other talent and encourage hydrogen research around the globe. After joining the CORE team in early September 2020, it became our job to seek out the lab’s research and post it online, whether that was a YouTube video, Instagram post, or blog post. As the months went on, we developed a system to create consistency between the different types of content and link them together for more information. It also became apparent that … » More …Read Story
Join the CHARGE! — The Consortium for Hydrogen and Renewably Generated Electrofuels at WSU
I’m all charged up this morning about CHARGE — Washington State University’s (WSU’s) new Consortium for Hydrogen and Renewably Generated Electrofuels.
What is an electrofuel?
A high-value, storable, energy product created from hydrogen generated by renewable means like electricity, wind, or solar power. With no fossil fuel resources in the state, Washington has the potential to use electrofuels to eliminate carbon emissions across multiple sectors:
A couple of years ago I looked around the country for a center specifically devoted towards hydrogen and electrofuels … » More …Read Story
Living hinges can be really cool
This is a preprint of my February column “Cool Fuel” in Cold Facts Magazine by the Cryogenic Society of America.
In the June issue of ColdFacts (V. 36, No. 3 2020) I talked about how we’re learning to be more flexible while keeping our cool (a nod to the pandemic). The fun take away though was the realization that thin film polymer origami bellows could flex 100’s of times immersed in liquid nitrogen without fracturing – my new favorite liquid nitrogen (LN2) demonstration. But it didn’t last long (as my favorite demo that is) due to Francis Dunne, a new PhD student in … » More …Read Story
How to Build a Cryogenic Plumbing Manifold
Plumbing manifolds on a cryogenic system are just as essential for functionality as proper electrical wiring from a simple light switch to an overhead light. Just like a wire sends current from point A to point B, a plumbing manifold can send hydrogen, helium, nitrogen, and other gasses from point A to B. The number of complex functions performed by plumbing manifolds leads to complexity that approaches integrated circuit boards. However, much less information, not to mention engineering standards, are available on how to reliably construct custom plumbing manifolds for research purposes. This post overviews the systems we have developed at HYPER for academic research … » More …Read Story
Why liquid hydrogen?
I’m continually surprised that the HYPER lab remains the only cryogenic hydrogen research lab in US academia. But then again, I find myself continually having to fight for liquid hydrogen, even to hydrogen experts. Hydrogen liquefies at atmospheric pressure only after cooling below 20 K (-420°F), you cannot liquefy hydrogen by increasing pressure. This requirement to make something that cold (a.k.a. cryogenics) is technically challenging. However, in 2012, liquid hydrogen accounted for over 90% of small merchant hydrogen utilization in the US. Yet, only a few legacy companies have the knowledge base necessary to handle liquid hydrogen, and the last academic lab in the US … » More …Read Story
How the alumni changed me for the better
Last week I had the pleasure of talking with Jenna Kriebel and AnneMarie Hunter from the WSU Foundation about the impact of alumni donations and philanthropy for the HYPER laboratory (and my career). Throughout my collegiate experience, first as a student athlete and now faculty, I’ve benefited from the generous donations of Land-Grant alumni. Yes, the Land-Grant institutions are public and state supported, but that public support is often literally the general minimum, which sometimes just isn’t enough. Although I’ve written about the many moments that alumni support was perfectly timed to make a difference in keeping us afloat, the conversation with Jenna and … » More …Read Story